British Government Structure
The British Government is more commonly known as ‘Her Majesty’s Government.’ The
British Government is a constitutional monarchy. The head of the state is Queen
Elizabeth II. There are fifteen other CommonWealth Countries that are also within
the realm of the United Kingdom. The head of the government will still be the Prime
The area of the United Kingdom includes England, Northern Ireland, Wales and Scotland.
The United Kingdom Constitution
The UK is a part of a small group of countries (three) that have uncodified constitutions.
This means that the constitution of the United Kingdom consists mainly of international
treaties, judge-made case laws and of course, statutes. The government can make
laws or reform them by relatively easy routes and the only restriction on them is
that no law cannot be changed by any future parliament.
The British Cabinet
The British Cabinet is selected by the Prime Minister but is only done so in consultation
with the Monarchic head - the Queen. When ministers are sworn in to the house of
commons, where they will hold their duty, they are converted into ministers of the
crown. Elections to the house of commons are from 650 different constituencies.
There are three predominant political parties in the United Kingdom. They are:
- The Conservative Party
- The Labour Party
- The Liberal-Democrats
Between themselves, they have secured themselves 622 out of 650 seats in the Britain’s
House of Commons. This happened during the 2010 General Elections.
The Conservative Party
Their original name is ‘The conservative and unionist party’ but are more commonly
known as just the Conservative Party. They adhere mainly to a center-right philosophy.
That philosophy primarily caters to the ideologies of British-union and of conservatism.
The leader of this party - David Cameron, is the current leader of the nation. He
is the current Prime Minister. It is the most successful party in the United Kingdom
as of today and is currently holding the cabinet. They are holding it with a coalition
government with the Liberal-Democrats.
The Labour Party
The labour party is also known as the new labour. They are a party that adheres
to a primarily center-left philosophy, as opposed to the conservative party. The
labour party was the last party that has held the cabinet before the 2010 General
Elections. The labour party was led by ex-Prime Minister Tony Blair, and later by
ex-Prime Minister Gordon Brown. The current leader for the party is Ed Milliband
MP. This party is also an active member of ‘Socialist International.’
The Liberal-Democrats are popularly shortened to be known as lib-dems. They are
a ‘center to center-left social liberal’ active political party. Today, they are
a part of a coalition government with the Conservative Party and hold the maximum
number of seats in the ministry. This party originated with two other parties came
together: The Liberal Party and The Social Democratic party, in 1988.